FAQ

Frequently Asked Questions and Answers


  1. Why was the Cursillo Movement founded?
  2. How does the Cursillo Movement define itself?
  3. Who is the person responsible for the Cursillo Movement in a Diocese?
  4. What is the Cursillo Movement’s role in Evangelization?
  5. What environments should the Cursillo Movement be concerned about?
  6. Are we taking the Holy Spirit out of it if we only select key people from our environments?
  7. What are the basic criteria for a candidate?
  8. What are the guidelines for couples when one spouse isn’t eligible to make a Cursillo or does not wish to make a Cursillo?
  9. What is the role of a sponsor?
  10. What is involved in the preparation of a candidate?
  11. How do you make sponsors follow through with their candidates?
  12. Should one Diocese take candidates from another Diocese?
  13. Is it best to set a date for a Cursillo Weekend and get the candidates for it, or get the candidates and then set the date?
  14. What is the minimum number of persons needed to hold a Weekend?
  15. Why does the Weekend have to be strictly Catholic?
  16. Has there ever been a shortened Cursillo Weekend?
  17. What is the tradition in regard to the devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Cursillo?
  18. Can talks be substituted on the Weekend?
  19. How big should a Cursillo Weekend team be?
  20. Who should be a leader on a Cursillo Weekend?
  21. Can laity give the spiritual talks on a Cursillo weekend? Can Deacons be the team coordinator or give the lay talks?
  22. How should a talk be given on a Cursillo Weekend?
  23. Why is it important that only persons from the School of Leaders be on a Cursillo Weekend team?
  24. Should team formation take place in the School or outside it?
  25. What about serenades, mananitas, candlelight processions; are these part of the Cursillo Weekend?
  26. Are banners, love notes, flowers and cookies palanca?
  27. What about ‘individual’ palanca on the weekend?
  28. Why do we not have Cursillos for youth?
  29. What is the most important element of the Cursillo Movement?
  30. What is the difference between a group and a reunion?
  31. How big should a group be?
  32. How long should a reunion last?
  33. Why are some people disillusioned by the group reunion?
  34. What is the best way to get people into the sharing groups at Ultreya?
  35. Why should the Ultreya be weekly instead of monthly?
  36. Should Mass be part of the Ultreya or the Closing?
  37. What is the background for the use of the term ‘Holiness-Formation-Evangelization?’
  38. What is meant by Cursillo mentality?
  39. What does primary apostolate mean?
  40. How important are numbers when it comes to the School of Leaders?
  41. What is the format for the School of Leaders?
  42. Why is the Leaders’ Group Reunion so important for the School of Leaders?
  43. How do you organize cursillistas to do something?
  44. Who appoints spiritual advisors or members of the Secretariat?
  45. What can be done by the Diocesan Movement to combat the clergy shortage?
  46. What is the role of the National Episcopal Advisor?
  47. What is the role of the National Spiritual Advisor?
  48. What is the relationship of the Cursillo Movement to other renewal movements or ministries, such as Kairos, Walk to Emmaus, etc.?
  49. How is the Cursillo Movement related to the Church’s social teaching?
  50. Why does the Cursillo Movement not use more decals, lapel pins, bumper stickers, etc. to promote itself?
  51. Why does the Cursillo Movement use its own terminology, such as Ultreya, Palanca, Rollo, etc.?
  52. Where did “De Colores” come from?

Why was the Cursillo Movement founded?

The starting point of the entire Movement

was the profound perception of a reality. That reality, as the founders

saw it, was as simple as this: They saw a world with its back turned on

God, Christ, and the Church. They had a deep-seated conviction that life

had ceased to be Christian. They felt that this was because the influence

Christianity had, on real life, was just about nonexistent – even in so-called

Catholic circles.

Thus the founders saw that the whole world needed

to be reconstructed, down to it’s very foundations. It needed to be transformed

from savage into human, and from human into divine. The goal was clear:

to re-Christianize society which had ceased to be Christian. (F.I. # 17-18)

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How does the Cursillo Movement define itself?

The Fundamental Ideas of the Cursillo

Movement book defines the Movement as “A movement of the Church which

by means of its own method makes it possible for people to live what is

fundamental for being a Christian, and to live it together; it helps people

discover and fulfill their personal vocations, and it promotes the creation

of core groups of Christians who leaven their environments with the Gospel.”

(F.I. #111)

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Who is the person responsible for the Cursillo Movement in a Diocese?

The basic book of the Cursillo Movement,

Fundamental

Ideas states that direction of the Cursillo Movement in the Diocese

is a shared one between the Bishop and the Diocesan Secretariat. While

anything Catholic in a Diocese is the responsibility of the local Bishop,

most Bishops are not that familiar with the workings of a movement and

usually appoint a responsible party for it. In this case, the Diocesan

Secretariat fulfills that function. (F.I. # 576)

The Secretariat should be organized or structured

according to the needs, possibilities, and concrete circumstances of the

given time and place. The number of its members and their responsibilities

will be determined by the functions demanded for the fulfillment of its

mission.

“Members of the Secretariat should come from the

School of Leaders where they have already demonstrated (through their service

to the Movement) their ability, competence, spirit of service, use and

understanding of the method, humility, wisdom, and sanctity.”

(L.M. pg.41)

“The Secretariat is made up of Priests, Deacons,

Vowed Religious and lay people. It is the responsibility of the Priests,

Deacons, and Vowed Religious to provide spiritual direction and counseling,

instruction on doctrinal matters, and guidance with respect to problems

of conscience; the lay members are in charge of the organizational, methodological,

and executive domains.” (F.I. # 588)

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What is the Cursillo Movement’s role in Evangelization?

Pope Paul VI said in his Apostolic Exhortation

on Evangelization in the Modern World that the Church’s essential mission

is to evangelize (EN 14), which means bringing the Good News into all levels

of humanity and society so as to transform them according to the Gospel

(EN 18). The Cursillo Movement emphasizes the role of the lay person in

being an evangelizer in the family, neighborhood, place of work and with

friends and acquaintances. Thus, the apostolic action of each cursillista

is a concrete contribution to the work of evangelization.

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What environments should the Cursillo Movement be concerned about?

Generally speaking, each Diocesan Secretariat

is supposed to study their local environments and determine which ones

should be evangelized first. The National Secretariat asked all Diocesan

Secretariats to be aware of certain environments. This is reflected in

the following released statement: “Each Diocesan Movement is asked to study

the environments it finds itself immersed in and to establish a Pastoral

Plan for their transformation by means of the Cursillo method. All Diocesan

Movements, particularly those in the big cities, are asked to pay particular

attention to the following environments and to take concrete steps for

their Christianization:

-the advertising field

-the academic community

-the communication field

-the medical profession

-the political field.

The Cursillo Movement as a whole must make a concerted

effort to radically change the present environment of our country so that

it may be more Christian in its life and customs. The environments which

have a greater influence on the other environments and, consequently form

the lifestyle of our people, must have a priority in our apostolic planning.

Diocesan Secretariats are urged to begin selecting the key people in the

aforementioned environments and other important environments in accordance

with our Precursillo method. Plans should be made to link them together

as lay apostles, by means of friendship groups, environmental groups and

Ultreyas following their 3-day Cursillo. Using this method we are able

to transform this world, systematically, for Christ. This enables us to

fulfill our purpose within the pastoral work of the Church.”

(L.M. pg. 304/305)

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Are we taking the Holy Spirit out of it if we only select key people from our environments?

Selection is part of the Cursillo process.

That is why people are divided into three categories: those who should

go – those who can go – those who should not go.

There is always room in the Cursillo for the first

two categories. Unfortunately, if there is no emphasis on evangelizing

environments by means of the strategy and method of the Cursillo,we end

up with most of the candidates being from the ‘those who can go’ category.

A good Precursillo program selects environments, key persons in those environments,

and then prepares them for the Cursillo with a view to anchoring them in

their environments as evangelizers in small groups afterwords. Even in

such good Precursillo program there is still room to take some of those

who can go and in these we have seen the Holy Spirit create leaders.

A good Precursillo will ensure more of those who

should go than those who can go, but the Cursillo weekend will contain

both.

(L.M. pg. 70/71)

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What is the basic criteria for a candidate?

First, from the beginning of the Movement,

the basic criteria for a person being selected has been that the candidate

be in a position to receive the sacraments. Non-Catholics, including spouses,

must not be accepted for a Catholic Cursillo mainly because the weekend

is based on the sacraments, especially the Eucharist, Catholic doctrine

and dogma. Non-Catholics should be encouraged to participate in whatever

renewal program, including Cursillo,is available to them within their own

denomination.

Secondly, those who have psychological or emotional

problems or whose moral life is not in order, should not go.

Thirdly, that they have been properly prepared for

the weekend and will be taken care of in the Post Cursillo. (L.M. pg. 70/71)

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What are the guidelines for couples when one spouse isn’t eligible to make a Cursillo or does not wish to make a Cursillo?

The purpose of the Cursillo Movement is

to evangelize environments through the natural leaders of those environments.

With this in mind and taking into consideration the pluralistic society

in which we live, we will encounter situations where a spouse may not be

Catholic or the spouse of the natural leader does not wish to attend the

Cursillo weekend. Thus the reason for guidelines on couples.

The Couples Guidelines: When selecting a person for

Cursillo,male or female, it should be determined if that person is married

before preparing the person for Cursillo. Even though the Cursillo Weekend

is lived individually, the spiritual life of the couple, both before and

after the Cursillo Weekend, must be considered. The Cursillo Movement holds

in highest regard the Sacrament of Marriage and if participation in a Cursillo

by one and not the other might have an adverse effect on that Sacrament,

then we suggest some other form of individual spiritual renewal.

Once it is known that the person is married, we need

to determine whether both are eligible to attend the Cursillo or if both

are interested in attending the Cursillo Weekend. If something would prevent

one spouse from attending, either because that individual is not eligible

or that person does not wish to attend, then the following steps would

be taken.

1. The couple would be invited to meet with the Spiritual

Advisor of the Movement, member of the Secretariat, and/or leader from

the School of Leaders.

2. During the meeting a full explanation to the purpose/method

of the Movement would be given.

3. A complete explanation, of what is expected of

those who go through the 3-Day exercise, is given.

4. Most importantly, an explanation of what is expected

during the 4th Day (Group Reunion and Ultreya).

5. If both agree, that one spouse attending the Weekend

while the other spouse does not will not have an adverse affect on their

Sacrament of Marriage, then the one who is eligible and wants to attend

should be allowed to do so.

In the case where both are eligible and both agree

to attend the Cursillo,then both should be prepared at the same time and

the question of who attends first is not important.

The purpose of the Spiritual Advisor, a Secretariat

member, and/or leader from the School of Leaders meeting with the couple

is meant to compliment the work already done by the sponsor, not to take

the place of the sponsor. (National Secretariat – 1993)

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What is the role of a sponsor?

A sponsor for a candidate can either be

an individual or, better still, a group. Whether a group, a community (Ultreya),

or an individual, whoever is responsible for enrolling and preparing the

candidates – the following is expected:

a) that they understand the purpose of the Cursillo

Movement, the environments that have been selected as priorities for evangelization,

and the basic criteria as to who can, who should, and who should not make

a Cursillo;

b) that they be well acquainted with their candidates,

through close personal contact;

c) that as “servants of the truth” they try, through

their witness of word and of life, to awaken in their candidates an attitude

of openness to inquiry, to friendship, and to change; and

d) that in cases where the sponsor is an individual,

that person should be an active member of a group, so as to help the candidate

by example to become incorporated into a group of Christians, while accompanying

him or her for a reasonable length of time in the Post Cursillo. (F.I.

#234)

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What is involved in the preparation of a candidate?

Basically, the preparation of the candidate

should be by personal contact to dispose him or her to be open to what

the weekend will offer in a better understanding of themselves, of their

relationship with God and the Church and in experiencing Christian community.

Preparation should also include an invitation to join a community afterwards.

The weekend should be pictured as an introduction to something better,

not an end in itself. (L.M. pg. 68-71)

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How do you make sponsors follow through with their candidates?

Actually, the Cursillo leaders are responsible

for the candidates before, during and after the Cursillo Weekend. That

responsibility may be shared with sponsors. The critical point in selection

is that the leader and the sponsor know the candidate, his or her disposition,

personality, etc. A sponsor who knows a candidate will obviously take the

follow-up responsibility more seriously. A sponsor who is in a group reunion,

attends Ultreya, and can group with the candidate afterwards will be more

responsible than someone who hands out an application. (L.M. pg.74)

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Should one Diocese take candidates from another Diocese?

In order to foster good Precursillo programs,

Diocesan Secretariats are reminded that candidates should not be accepted

from other Dioceses under the responsibility of another Diocese, without

the express permission of the Secretariat in the Diocese where the candidate

is living. (L.M. pg. 306)

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Is it best to set a date for a Cursillo Weekend and get the candidates for it, or get the candidates and then set the date?

Both have merit, but from experience we

have seen that when dates are set, getting candidates seems to be the overriding

factor. It would seem that if we want good candidates, it might be better

to find and prepare them first, rather than the filling a weekend way.

The Leaders’ Manual states: “Cursillos should be

scheduled when a sufficient number of good candidates have been selected

when there is a guarantee that the participants will be assisted in the

Post Cursillo.” (L.M. pg. 75)

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What is the minimum number of persons needed to hold a Weekend?

Ideally, between 30 and 40. If there are

less than thirty it will not form an adequate expression of Christian community.

If there are more than forty there are too many to achieve a proper experience

of Christian community. (L.M. pg. 108)

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Why does the Weekend have to be strictly Catholic?

It is not that the Cursillo should be for

Catholics only but that the Cursillo be denominational because the program

should be true to each denomination’s particular teachings, dogma, liturgy,

etc.

The Cursillo is not an ecumenical program. It is

a program of renewal within the Church for its own members. The National

Secretariat respects the liberty of each denomination to renew its own

membership, within its own Church, by its own leadership. In order to protect

that right, it will only license the use of the name Cursillo in a denominational

program and not an interfaith or ecumenical one. (L.M. pg. 39/40) NOTE:

See National Mailing 8/92 and 3/94 on ARISE – a program available to Diocesan

Cursillo Movements to be used for the unchurched, spouses not eligible

for Cursillo,others wanting to know more about the Catholic Church.

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Has there ever been a shortened Cursillo Weekend?

In the late 1970’s one Diocese did experiment

with a two day Cursillo and, after an evaluation of it compared with the

proper 3-Day one, the National Secretariat issued a policy on it as follows:

“The National Secretariat, after being requested

to deliberate on the question of a shortened Cursillo Exercise (i.e. less

than three days), and after studying and evaluating the same, affirms that

in order for the method, purpose and message of the Cursillo to be achieved,

the traditional length of the Cursillo,established from the beginning,

is necessary for this to take place. While recognizing the autonomy of

Diocesan Secretariats, yet mindful of its own responsibility to provide

guidelines for the Movement, the National Secretariat wishes to reemphasize

that the Cursillo is a 3-Day experience; anything less weakens the message

and is against the normal practice. In all things, it must be noted that

it is the good of the candidates that must be the primary consideration.”

(L.M. 308)

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What is the tradition in regard to the devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Cursillo?

Traditionally, the early cursillistas had

a devotion to Our Lady of Lluc in Mallorca where the Cursillos were born.

The rosary was always prayed during the Cursillo and, in the Litany of

the Blessed Virgin, the title Mother of Divine Grace was always repeated

three times. Bishop Hervas said in the original Leaders Manual that

the Cursillos were born in the bosom of the Blessed Virgin and under her

protection they spread throughout the world. Fundamental Ideas of the

Cursillo Movement says that the Virgin Mary inspired the Cursillo Movement

from the very beginning. Although no talk is dedicated to her, her presence

and name appear, as in Christ’s life, in each of the Cursillo’s decisive

moments. (F.I. #339)

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Can talks be substituted on the Weekend?

The implementation of the weekend requires

that the approved talks be given in the proper order. To alter substantially

any of the talks or to substitute something else or to present them in

a different order would be contrary to the precise application of the Cursillo,which

use of the name and technique implies. That is why each National Secretariat

is charged with implementing the Cursillo properly according to the basic

book of the Cursillo Movement, The Fundamental Ideas of the Cursillo

Movement, which is used universally as the correct manner and norm

for conducting Cursillos.

Affiliation of a Diocesan Secretariat with the National

Secretariat requires that the Weekend be conducted according to established

norms. The policy for Diocesan Movements requires that the Diocesan Secretariat

must apply the three days properly, according to what is authentic, free

from improper adaptations, using the approved talk outlines, for a period

of three full days, to Roman Catholic candidates of the same sex, by a

Roman Catholic team that is exemplary in their own living experience of

the Christian life and the Christian method.” (L.M. pg 303)

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How big should a Cursillo Weekend team be?

One or two priests (Deacons/vowed Religious)

as spiritual advisors, a team coordinator, three or four leaders, and one

or two who are learning personal contact work (not giving talks). In other

words, in the conference room there would be less than ten team members.

The original Cursillo guidelines called for one team member for each ten

candidates. (L.M. pg. 108)

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Who should be a leader on a Cursillo Weekend?

Someone who has the characteristics of a

leader, who is a member of the School of Leaders, and has the time and

ability to help the cursillistas in their fourth day through personal contact

individually, and in the group reunions and Ultreyas.

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Can laity give the spiritual talks on a Cursillo weekend? Can Deacons be the team coordinator or give the lay talks?

Talks on the Cursillo Weekend are divided

into two classes – the lay talks and the spiritual ones. The lay talks

should be given by lay people and the spiritual ones by a priest, deacon

or vowed religious. Priests, deacons and vowed religious should not give

lay talks and neither should lay persons give spiritual talks. The lay

person gives his/her own personal witness in a lay talk, while a priest,

deacon or vowed religious, being identified with the Church in a special

way, speak for and on behalf of the Church in their talks. Deacons and

vowed religious may serve as spiritual advisors on weekends for the same

reasons, but they may not occupy positions in the Movement reserved for

laity, such as team coordinator for a weekend, lay director, etc. (National

Secretariat – July, 1994)

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How should a talk be given on a Cursillo Weekend?

The National Secretariat supplies talk outlines

for each talk. These should be used by the lay person to prepare his/her

talk. Each talk makes certain key points which must be made. It is appropriate

for each person who gives a talk to give personal witness from their own

life experience, where it is called for in the outline. The witness has

to be appropriate to the point being made. The witness is meant to complement

the point being made. Each person should prepare his/her own version and

update it according to events and witness what is current in his/her life.

(L.M. pgs. 122-127)

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Why is it important that only persons from the School of Leaders be on a Cursillo Weekend team?

A Cursillo leader is not only a leader on

a weekend but is responsible for Precursillo and Postcursillo leadership

involving Ultreyas, group reunions, candidate selection and preparation.

Beside that, he or she should be formed in the Christian life and live

the Cursillo method. The School provides that formation and is the community

of service which the Movement requires in order to function properly. Requiring

team members to be members of the School of Leaders ensures that they receive

proper formation and that they are leaders in all phases of the Movement

and not just the Weekend. (L.M. pgs 55-58)

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Should team formation take place in the School or outside it?

Spiritual and doctrinal formation and training

in methodology always takes place within the School of Leaders. This also

allows the leaders to make their leaders’ group reunion together. Special

team training for a particular weekend may take place outside of the School

for the team itself, but it does not excuse non-attendance at the regular

sessions of the School.

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What about serenades, mananitas, candlelight processions; are these part of the Cursillo Weekend?

These are not part of the Cursillo Weekend

and were added locally and became traditional. For proper conversion and

reflection, the weekend requires a quiet, prayerful atmosphere without

outside distractions; the emphasis is on the candidate, not the needs of

the outside cursillistas or even the team.

“The participants on the weekend require isolation

in order to build a united Christian community in only three days. Since

the atmosphere must be reflective, prayerful and sincere, everything that

is a distraction must be avoided, particularly any contact between the

outside community and the Cursillo itself. Participants should be left

at the door. Mingling between other cursillistas and the weekend’s participants

is to be avoided since it interferes with the personal contact work by

the spiritual advisor and team, work which began prior to the Cursillo.

The greatest contribution the outside community can

make to the Cursillo Weekend is to offer palanca for it and attend the

closing, the initial point of contact between the outside community and

the new one. Any contact between individuals who are not part of the team

and the participants is to be avoided except during the closing. Secretariats

should not provide opportunities for cursillistas to drop in and out of

the Weekend, no matter what the excuse. If kitchen help is needed, it should

be kept to a small group who should have minimum contact with the

Weekend participants. Allowing people to

come in and out to offer palanca should be avoided. The same holds true

for other practices, such as “serenades” or “mananitas.” If these must

be done (and we advise against them), let them be done at the closing,

which is the point of contact between the outside community and the “new”

cursillistas. (L.M. pgs. 106-107)

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Are banners, love notes, flowers and cookies palanca?

Not really. Palanca is basically the prayers

and sacrifices we make for someone or something. Prayer and self-denial

are palanca. The others, while they may have the name palanca, are not.

“A good yardstick of a Diocesan Movement is its attitude

toward palanca, its overall focus on it, and how the spirit of it is incorporated

in the lives of the spiritual advisors and lay leaders. In this regard,

a concern for developing a spirit of prayer and self-denial should be the

overriding factor.

Within the Movement, we must be vigilant that the

term palanca not be misunderstood and abused so that its interior call

and meaning is overshadowed by incidental trimmings. Colorful posters and

banners are not palanca; neither are flowers, edibles, friendship letters

or good wishes. This is false palanca under the guise of “nice things.”

Prayer and self-denial are not “nice things” but they are more effective

in securing God’s grace.” (L.M. pg. 105)

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What about ‘individual’ palanca on the weekend?

The emphasis should be on general

palanca – that is, the outside community offering prayers and sacrifices

for the community that is being formed on the three days. Personal palanca

(an individual sending a palanca letter to an individual) should be

limited to that from a spouse or sponsor. All other individual palanca,

if received at the weekend, should be put into the candidate’s packet that

he/she will be taking home on Sunday night. (L.M. pg. 105).

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Why do we not have Cursillos for youth?

Various programs for youth have evolved

from Cursillo, such as Teenagers Encounter Christ (TEC), Happening, Search,

etc. However, the Cursillo Movement itself does not promote Cursillos for

youth anymore than it promotes Cursillos for one particular group in the

Church. Rather, it treats youth in the same manner as all prospective groups

or environments: select the leaders or potential leaders, and prepare and

bring them to Cursillo and reinsert them into their environment (in this

case the youth one) and be leaders there.

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What is the most important element of the Cursillo Movement?

The Post Cursillo,because as Bonnin, the

founder, noted, it is easy to convert persons to Christ, but it is much

harder to get them to follow Him. The Cursillo Movement is basically a

program of perseverance. The forms of the Post Cursillo,group reunion and

Ultreya are meant to help persons persevere in living the Christian life

in an ongoing way. But it is a choice; all the Cursillo Movement can do

is offer them.

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What is the difference between a group and a reunion?

A group is the community of persons who

comprise it. A reunion is the periodic gathering of the group. In the concept

of ‘group reunion’, there is no reunion unless there is a group of persons

to make one, and there is no group unless it makes a reunion.

The group reunion has two elements – the group (of

persons) and the reunion (the group coming together). Combined, the two

elements constitute the total reality of a group reunion, which can be

defined as a group of Christian friends who gather together on a regular

basis to become better friends and better Christians.

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How big should a group be?

No more than 5 or 6. Otherwise it is a crowd,

and besides taking too much time to make a reunion, the more people the

more time it takes to develop the basic ingredient of friendship.

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How long should a reunion last?

At an Ultreya, 20-30 minutes. With a friendship

group outside of an Ultreya, whatever is convenient for the members, usually

one hour.

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Why are some people disillusioned by the group reunion?

Because they emphasize the mechanics of

the reunion rather than its spirit, and because they fail to contribute

to it the fruits of their life as a Christian in the past week. They come

to the reunion to be nourished, rather than to nourish it with the fruits

of their apostolic efforts.

The testimony to the success of the group reunion

from those who live it is sufficient to overcome any and all criticisms

of those who have not lived it.

The weekend was actually developed to give people

a little course in Catholicism and propose the Cursillo method of Ultreya

and grouping as a way to be Christian in the daily world. The course seems

to be more popular for the experience if offers than for what it proposes.

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What is the best way to get people into the sharing groups at Ultreya?

By leaders ‘suggesting’ that certain persons

meet with other certain persons for whom they might have an affinity. There

are two objectives: one, to promote general sharing in the Ultreya community

among those who do not know each other well, using the Ultreya sharing

format, and two, beginning the process of discovering friends so that a

friendship group can be created outside of the Ultreya. (L.M. pg. 271)

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Why should the Ultreya be weekly instead of monthly?

Because the rhythm of life is lived on a

daily and weekly basis. If the purpose of the Ultreya is to provide on-going

formation and perseverance in a community setting, then monthly is too

long apart for a proper realization of this; otherwise, why not have a

requirement to attend monthly Mass instead of weekly?

The Ultreya is the counter-environment of

Christian friendship realized in a concrete form once a week to combat

the

environment of the secular world. (L.M. pg. 280)

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Should Mass be part of the Ultreya or the Closing?

The general rule of thumb is that the Cursillo

Movement should not be providing cursillistas with what they can receive

in their own parishes. While there are occasions for the cursillistas to

celebrate the Eucharist together, normally they should celebrate Mass as

part of their parish ecclesial community. The Mass on the Sunday of the

Cursillo Weekend is for the team and candidates in the weekend and not

the outside community, and is scheduled for noon-time with that intention.

(L.M. pg. 113)

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What is the background for the use of the term ‘Holiness-Formation-Evangelization?’

The work of revising the “Fundamental Ideas

of the Cursillo Movement” book was a long and intense process involving

a special international commission, with input from the National Secretariats

of the many countries that have Cursillo. Basically, the intention was

to update the book in the light of:

1. “Evangelization in the Modern World” (Evangelii

Nuntiandi), Pope Paul VI’s Exhortation issued following the Synod of Bishops

on the subject matter.

2. The “Vocation and Mission of the Laity in the

Church and the World” (Christifideles Laici), by Pope John Paul II following

a similar Synod in 1988.

The main thrust of these documents was to remind

and teach the laity certain essentials, namely, their call to holiness,

their need for formation, their place in the community of the Church, and

their place in the world as evangelizers.

The Cursillo Movement, keeping in step with the Church,

has changed some of its traditional terminology to better reflect these

essentials. These changes will be made in the Movement’s literature when

it is reprinted or in new publications. What was previously called:

Piety is now Holiness;

Study is now Formation;

Action is now Evangelization.

Our Reunion Sheets and the Ultreya Sharing Format

has been changed to reflect these new terms. Once the Secretariat, the

School of Leaders and the Ultreyas become familiar with these new terms,

then they should be used on the Weekends.

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What is meant by Cursillo mentality?

The Cursillo mentality is the criterion

which the founders acquired in developing the Movement and which judges

what is authentic in making the Movement a reality. Cursillo leaders are

required to have this mentality, which is acquired by studying the official

Cursillo literature, and the experience of living the Cursillo method in

their own lives.

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What does primary apostolate mean?

After fulfilling my basic responsibilities

to my family and work, it means the other time that I give to apostolic

work of some particular kind. A Cursillo leader is expected to make the

Cursillo Movement his or her primary (first) apostolate. In that way it

is given a priority over other activities, including Church ones. (L.M.

pg. 55)

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How important are numbers when it comes to the School of Leaders?

There ought to be enough to form a few teams,

service the Ultreyas, and provide for personal contact work with the cursillistas.

It is more important to have 20 fully committed, dedicated persons than

100 who are only half-committed.

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What is the format for the School of Leaders?

There is no concrete form, but there are

essential elements that have to be incorporated for it to be considered

genuine:

Prayer

Leaders’ Group Reunion

Doctrinal Instruction

Methodology (including technique)

Visit to Blessed Sacrament (L.M. pg 49-58)

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Why is the Leaders’ Group Reunion so important for the School of Leaders?

For two reasons: One, to form the community

of the School by sharing, and two, to ensure that the work of the Cursillo

Movement is done, by the leaders sharing and reviewing their work as leaders

in the areas of Pre Cursillo,Cursillo Weekend and Post Cursillo. (L.M.

pg. 52)

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How do you organize cursillistas to do something?

Cursillistas should not be organized to

do anything except be faithful to their holiness, formation and evangelization

and the perseverance form of the Cursillo Movement, namely, the group and

Ultreya. As they do this, they will discover their own particular vocations

in the Church and the world. We are not an organization and therefore do

not organize cursillistas to do anything except evangelize the world.

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Who appoints spiritual advisors or members of the Secretariat?

Different Dioceses have different customs.

In some, suitable candidates are proposed by the School Of Leaders for

the Bishop’s approval. In others, the Secretariat selects candidates from

the School for the Bishop’s approval. Whichever system is used, it should

be a discerning one that ensures that only the best persons are selected

who are capable of fulfilling the role and who still meet the criteria

for being a good Cursillo leader.

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What can be done by the Diocesan Movement to combat the clergy shortage?

The present trend is to form a group of

spiritual advisors made up of Priests, Deacons and vowed Religious who

then share the responsibilities for the weekends, Ultreyas and Cursillo

meetings among themselves. (L.M. pg. 244)

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What is the role of the National Episcopal Advisor?

The role is to be the liaison between the

Cursillo Movement, specifically the National Secretariat, and the National

Conference of Catholic Bishops, and to represent the Hierarchy on the National

Secretariat. In this capacity the National Episcopal Advisor deals with

the Diocesan Bishops in regard to the Cursillo Movement.

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What is the role of the National Spiritual Advisor?

The National Spiritual Advisor’s primary

function is to meet the spiritual needs of the National Secretariat members

at each meeting. Exercising his priestly role, he will be responsible for

the spiritual and liturgical acts of the National Secretariat meetings

and the Annual Reunion.

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What is the relationship of the Cursillo Movement to other renewal movements or ministries, such as Kairos, Walk to Emmaus, etc.?

The Cursillo Movement has no official relationship

with any other movement and does not promote any one over the others. Experience

shows that care must be taken not to promote them at the expense of our

own aims and objectives. A number of Schools’ of Leaders and Ultreyas have

reported their leaders and cursillistas being lured away by other programs.

Leaders in the Cursillo Movement should restrict their activities to being

leaders for the Cursillo Movement, otherwise the Movement can and has been

used to promote other things. Cursillistas should be concerned with evangelizing

the environments they came from rather than becoming involved in other

ministries, unless of course, they are called there by the Holy Spirit.

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How is the Cursillo Movement related to the Church’s social teaching?

The Cursillo is not involved directly with

any particular social justice work. Rather, it works to convert the persons

in the different social levels of society so that they, in turn, may become

evangelizers in those environments and, eventually, agents of social change

because of the Gospel.

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Why does the Cursillo Movement not use more decals, lapel pins, bumper stickers, etc. to promote itself?

The reason is that we are a movement and

we do not want to project the Cursillo Movement as an association of cursillistas

or an organization. We believe that people who have made a Cursillo and

have been changed by it should be like leaven in the Church and the world.

What should distinguish them from others is the Christian witness of their

lives and not ‘in group’ badges, pins or bumper stickers. These things

only help to create impression that we are an elitist group with something

that separates us from the rest of the family.

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Why does the Cursillo Movement use its own terminology, such as Ultreya, Palanca, Rollo, etc.?

These Spanish terms came with the Movement

to the United States in 1957. They are helpful in a bi-lingual situation.

However, except for the ones that cannot be successfully translated, such

as Ultreya and Palanca, the proper English terms should be used. The Leaders’

Manual does not use, for example, the words Rollo or Rectora, but rather

‘talk’ and ‘team coordinator’.

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Where did “De Colores” come from?

The phrase “De Colores” is the title of

a popular folk song which begins with these words and which has become

very popular among cursillistas. Some have attempted to give this expression

the status of a ritual, a symbol, or even read into it an expression of

the state of conscience: They say “De Colores” to signify that they are

in the state of grace. This has been done, however, without foundation.

It is simply a song which was popular during the early days of the Cursillo

Movement and which provided simple, innocent and even naive words which

are used – and continue to be used – as a means of relaxation and amusement

during the free periods of the Cursillo. Neither

the song itself nor the phrase “De Colores” (or any other symbol) should

be allowed to become an “in-group” expression separating cursillistas from

others.

Is there any preferred song? There are no specially

designated songs for the Cursillo or for any moment of it. The selection

depends upon the different areas and the songs popular there, the lyrics

of which are many times adaptable to the themes and climate of the Cursillo.

From the very beginning, the song “De Colores” has held a special place,

to such an extent that, although it was not planned, it has become the

preferred song of the cursillistas the world over. It has been translated

into Italian, English, Portuguese, German, French, Chinese and other languages.

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